Joint Institute for High Temperatures RAS
Institution of the Russian Academy of Sciences Joint Institute for High Temperatures RAS (IVTAN)
13/19, Izhorskaya str., Moscow, Russian Federation, 125412
: Concrete Protection of Reactors, 0065
: Reactor Accident Loading, 0066
: Reactor Wall Loading, 0425
: Zirconium Ceramics for Nuclear Reactor, 0575
: X-Ray Laser and Microscope, 0575-2
: X-Ray Laser and Microscope, 0819
: Deflagration on Hydrogen Mixtures, 0880
: Laser Lighting Protection, 0939
: Catcher for the Molten Core, 0943
: Deactivation of NPP Elements, 0954
: Hydrogen-Steam-Air Combustion, 1303
: Plasma Technology for Gas Cleaning, 1534
: Remote Inspection of Material Surface, 1779
: Microwave Plasma Effect on Supersonic Airflow, 1780
: Surface Plasma Influence on Friction, 1809
: Electric Field Stimulation of Flow Mixing, 1810
: Plasma Generators Optimization, 2014
: Microwave Discharge in Gas Flows, 2084
: Plasma Influense on Viscous Friction, 2127
: Plasma Stimulated Combustion, 2160
: Whirlwind Fluids and the Coherent Hydrodynamical Structures, 2556
: Hydrogen-Oxygen Steam Generator, 3503
: Shock-Crash-Fire Porous Refractories, 3504
: Updated Atomic Database, 3813
: Phase Relations in Corium Systems
There are 1600 employees in the institute, of whom 8 are RAS members, 87 are doctors of sciences, and 281 are candidates of sciences (in the Russian classification). About 1000 people are involved in research.
The institute performs joint work on collaboration contracts and grants, with scientific organizations of the USA, England, France, Japan, China and other countries.
The institute occupies about 20 hectares in Moscow, and has proving grounds in Mahachkala (Dagestan) and in Bishkek (Kirgizia).
A unique experimental base was established in the institute to carry out large-scale investigative work. The following experimental units, created at the institute, are worthy of note:
1. MHD-units with 30 MW capacity, for complex investigation of MHD energy conversion;
2. Hydrodynamic unit for testing 2 MW capacity MHD-propellers with superconductive magnetic system with up to 7T magnetic field induction and channel diameter of up to 1 m;
3. 30-28 Unit with 250 MWt heat capacity: for experiments in gas flow with dumping parameters: T=3000K, P=40atm.with mass rate up to 200 kg/?. Continuance of work up to 100 ?;
4. Technological gasdynamic CO2 laser with up to 100KW capacity level to process such industrial technologies as hardening and cutting;
5. TFR-300 Unit for investigation of coil gasification processes in boiling circulatory layer. Coil rate is up to 500 kg/hour, pressure is up to 20 atm. Functioning regime is continuous;
6. 13YaZ steel spherical explosive chamber, 11m in diameter and with a mass of 500ton, designed for blast mass of up to 2000 kg. The chamber is one of the largest in the world and has great potential for investigating detonation, steam exposure and pulse technologies.
7. VBK-2Metal explosive chamber, designed for blast mass up to 20 kg, 5.6m in diameter, 5m long, and 210 ton in mass. It consists of two viscous, rustproof steel enclosures with a cast iron fraction between them. The chamber is provided with vacuum systems, current taps and a sufficient quantity of view ports and electrical bushings;
8. Rail gun with 10mm caliber and casting velocity up to 7.5 km/s, for generation of powerful shock-wave action, high speed shock, investigation of material properties, and construction materials under extreme parameters.
9. Electric guns with accumulated energy of up to 1MJ for casting metal foils with velocity of up to 15-20 km/s.
10. A series of relativistic electron beam generators and UHF radiation generators with electron energy of up to 1MeV, bunch current of up to 300 KA, up to 50ns continuance, and up to1012 W flow capacity.
11. A series of exposure magnetic generators with 1011 W capacity, pulse energy of up to 1 MJ, and output voltage up to 88 kV. Exposure magnetic generators are used only once - they are the most compact and light electromagnetic energy pulse source.
12. Ecological unit with 10,000KWt heat capacity steam generator to process burner constructions for minimal generation of NOx. The unit is also completed with technological sections on the outflow of combustion products, which allow work with electrophysical (pulse corona discharge) and catalytic methods of cleaning outgoing gases from NOx and SO2.
Specific Tech Areas
The Scientific Association «Institute for High Temperatures», Russian Academy of Sciences, is one of the leading Russian scientific centers in the following fields:
· thermophysical, electrophysical and optical properties of matter in a wide range of parameters, including extremes;
· heat and mass transfer process investigation, gasdynamics, applied electrodynamics, problems of energy conversion;
· features of elements of large energetic objects and system behavior investigation in real operation conditions, different aspects of the fuel-power-generating complex and energy-saving technology development
History, Personnel, Budget
Description of Research Activity